Fiber optic communication is often shorted as fiber optics. Fiber optics is a method of transmitting information from one place to another place by sending and receiving light pulses through a medium called optical fiber. In fiber optics, we use the term fiber simply to denote optical fibers.
Fiber optics is the technology used to transmit data through fiber, this data is transmitted via light which goes through the fiber inside the fiber cables. This transmission also includes many other equipment and operations.